Knee Arthritis Management

MedStar Orthopaedic Institute knee specialists offer sophisticated conservative and surgical options to treat patients with knee arthritis. We treat each patient using a combination of advanced pain management techniques, physical therapy, and surgical options. No matter how simple or complex your knee condition, our experienced orthopedic knee surgeons at MedStar Orthopaedic Institute will offer you a successful and durable solution.

What is knee osteoarthritis?

Knee arthritis refers to the inflammation of the cartilage that cushions your joint where the thigh bone meets the leg bone. This inflammation can cause pain, swelling, and knee damage. Because we spend so much time on our feet, our knee joints are especially vulnerable to arthritis. There are three common types of knee arthritis:

  • Osteoarthritis of the knee – This is the most common type. It refers to arthritis that is the result of your body’s natural aging process, which can wear away the cartilage. Over time, this can cause inflammation and chronic pain.
  • Post-traumatic arthritis of the knee – This is a specific form of osteoarthritis, which develops after you have had one or more knee injuries such as fractures and ACL injuries.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis of the knee – This is a less common type. This type occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the knee joint, wearing away the cartilage lining. Generally, rheumatoid arthritis affects both sides of the body, causing pain in both knees.

What causes knee osteoarthritis?

Commonly seen in older adults, osteoarthritis of the knee can also affect younger people, especially those who have suffered knee injuries. Post-traumatic arthritis, or arthritis due to a knee injury, is commonly seen in young adults who suffered multiple sports-related knee injuries throughout their lives.

What are the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis?

If you notice any of the following symptoms of knee osteoarthritis, it is important to schedule an evaluation with one of our osteoarthritis doctors at MedStar Orthopaedic Institute:

  • Stiffness and swelling in the knee area
  • Difficulty moving the knee
  • Knee feels weak and painful
  • Knee feels unstable as if it might give way
  • Difficulty walking

How is knee arthritis diagnosed?

Our physicians at MedStar Orthopaedic Institute are experts at diagnosing knee arthritis. Our initial exam generally includes:

  • Medical history evaluation – Your physician will spend time speaking with you about any past health conditions, when your pain began, and any other related family and personal medical history.
  • Physical exam – During a physical exam, your orthopedist will evaluate your knees and may ask you to describe your pain.
  • Imaging tests – If needed, your physician may also recommend diagnostic testing, such as X-rays or MRI to determine the severity of the arthritic damage.

What are the best knee arthritis treatment options?

Knee arthritis treatment can be conservative or surgical.

Conservative options available at the MedStar Orthopaedic Institute include:

  • Physical therapy including anti-gravity treadmills
  • Exercise therapy
  • Pain and anti-inflammatory medications


If your knee arthritis becomes worse or does not respond to conservative treatment, your physician may recommend osteoarthritis knee surgery at MedStar Orthopaedic Institute. Many of our advanced surgeries are minimally invasive, which can reduce recovery time. Knee arthritis surgeries offered at MedStar Orthopaedic Institute include:


If you believe you may be suffering from knee osteoarthritis, call 202-295-0511 to schedule a consultation with one of our orthopedic specialists at MedStar Orthopaedic Institute. Our doctors have years of experience diagnosing and treating knee conditions and are pleased to offer comprehensive hip and knee care in the Washington, D.C. area.


3800 Reservoir Road Northwest Washington, DC, 20007
Phone: 202-444-8766
18109 Prince Philip Drive, Suite 325 Olney, MD, 20832
Phone: 301-774-8958
106 Irving Street Northwest, Washington, DC, 20010
Phone: 202-877-6000
1120 20th Street Northwest, Building 1 South Washington, DC, 20036
Phone: 202-416-2000
13950 Brandywine Road, 2nd Floor Brandywine, MD, 20613
Phone: 301-856-1682
6355 Walker Lane, Suite 501 Alexandria, VA, 22310
Phone: 703-971-3701
12825 Minnieville Road, Suite 203 Woodbridge, VA, 22192
Phone: 703-971-3701
23503 Hollywood Rd, Suite 101 Leonardtown, MD, 20650
Phone: 240-434-7483
6858 Old Dominion Drive, Suite 200 Mc Lean, VA, 22101
Phone: 202-444-8766
11325 Pembrooke Square, Suite 115 Waldorf, MD, 20603
Phone: 301-856-1682